The Integrated Multidimensional Mission of Stabilization of the United Nations in Mali (MINUSMA) was established by the Council of Security in the resolution of April 25, 2013 as a result of the Tuareg Rebellion of 2012.
The Tuareg movement, known as the National Movement for Liberation of l’Azawad (MNLA), along with armed islamic groups, such as Al-Qaeda in the Magreb (AQIM), the Movement for Uniqueness and Jihad in Occidental Africa (MUJAO) and deserters of the armed forces of Mali, initiated a series of attacks against the government in the northern part of the country. The Tuareg rebellion included the presence of well armed combatants who were returning from Libia from the fall of the Gaddafi regime.
In January 2012, the extremist groups had already taken control of Konna, located 680km from Bamako and were headed south. At that moment, the Malian authorities lost assistance from France to defend their country’s sovereignty and restore their territory. In response, France sent their military and conducted “Operation Serval” to support the security forces in Mali. At the same time the “International African Mission of Mali Support” (MIASM), led by the Economic Community of the Occidental African States, also intervened.
In July 2013, MINUSMA entered Mali to take over the situation and relieve MIASM. MINUSMA is made up of: 11.200 military individuals and 1.440 police.